The importance of vitamin D consists in maintaining the proportion of minerals in the blood, thus maintaining the amount of calcium and phosphorus, and keeping them within normal rates, vitamin D enhances the absorption of calcium and phosphorus by the small intestine and liver, and limits the growth of cancer cells.
Causes of vitamin D deficiency
There are a number of reasons behind vitamin D deficiency, which can be summarized as follows:
- The main reason for this vitamin deficiency is not being exposed to sunlight for a considered time so the body can absorb this vitamin.
- Menopause for women.
- Certain intestinal diseases, with which ability of the small intestine to absorb this vitamin decreases.
- Malnutrition, in addition to obesity.
- Lack of this vitamin in breast milk.
- Medications for the treatment of epilepsy.
- Liver and kidney diseases.
- Some genetic diseases.
Complications of Vitamin D deficiency
The most important complications caused by the lack of this vitamin on the health of children and adults are as follows :
- Late bone growth and late appearance of teeth.
- Curvature of the legs with deformities.
- bone exposure to breakage from simple strikes.
- Increasing the chances of diseases such as blood pressure, diabetes and tuberculosis.
- Increased risk of colon, breast and prostate cancer.
- Increased chances of psychiatric illness such as schizophrenia and depression.
- Osteoporosis and insufficient minerals rate in pelvic bones, spine and limbs.
- Low heartbeat rate.
Symptoms Of Vitamin D Deficiency
- General weakness of bones and muscles of the body.
- Severe exhaustion and fatigue.
- Fractures in the hip joint, and elderly frequent falls.
- Delayed development in children and delayed appearance of teeth.
- The appearance of the bones of the front and the thorax, and the swelling of the forearm bones.
- Clear curvature in the bones of the spine and the bones of the legs.
Sources of vitamin D
The sun’s rays are the main source of vitamin D.also, the body’s need for this vitamin can be covered by eating oily fish, including tuna and sardines, as well as albumin, liver and butter.